If your in need of a New York labor law attorney and have no idea what to ask or look for, it is in your best interest to understand a little bit about employment law before making your choice. Not doing so opens you up to getting in over your head and potentially losing your case! It pays to do your homework first.
In the state of New York, opportunity abounds for people willing to reach out and grab the jobs they can find, be they immigrants who arrived in the United States a week ago or people who have lived in the state their entire lives. However, as any long time worker will tell you, employment is not without its perils. Whether it's the potential for accident and injury or the dizzying array of problems that can afflict a worker who does not properly know the laws governing employment in the state, employment can be a difficult matter for any worker in New York or any indeed any state in the Union.
New York labor law is fortunately quite similar to employment law in other states, a means of good faith acceptance across the United States akin to acceptance of other states' driver's and marriage licenses. However, New York state does have its own nuances to its labor laws that would be workers are wise to learn while they can, ideally before something goes wrong. As of March 2016, minimum wage in the state of New York is $9.00 an hour, and employers paying even a cent less than that can find themselves in quite a bit of trouble as this wage is considered the bare minimum a person needs to survive.
The exact ages of employees in the state is also a matter of some complicated legalities. New York employment labor law requires that all workers be at least 16 years old to work in the state. There are a great deal of restrictions on the maximum number of hours a minor attending high school is allowed to work, as well as certain restrictions on the exact hours all minors are allowed to work. There are also some specific limitations. Among others, when a minor changes jobs, they will need a parental consent form for each shift in their employment, and a minor attending school who wishes to stay employed must turn in a form called a Certificate of Satisfactory Academic Standing for each grading period at their school.
New York state, like most states, includes provisions in the law calling for increased wages of the worker puts in overtime, hours above and beyond the forty hours per week that United States law considers "full time employment". In New York, workers are entitled to fifty percent more per hour (also called "time and a half") for each hour they work past forty hours per week. Not paying these extra wages can land an employer in a great deal of trouble. This can, however, prove dangerous to employees.
This is because New York is an "employment at will" state that allows employers to terminate the employment of any worker for nearly any reason. There are a number of exceptions that no employer can terminate an employee for, such as race, religion, marital status or sexual orientation, but otherwise employees can be terminated for any reason the employer sees as suitable.